ETYMOLOGY: in Sanskrit, ‘go’ means cow, and ‘mukha’ face. Consequently, GOMUKHA refers to something resembling the face of a cow. Moreover, in India there is a musical instrument named GOMUKHA, thin on one end and wide at the other like a cow’s face. GOMUKHASANA may be thus translated as ‘the pose of the cow’s head’.
The importance of this asana derives also from the place it occupies in the secret yogic treatises. In the description of the 32 asana-s in GHERANDHA SAMHITA, GOMUKHASANA is placed on the eighth place. Moreover, in the HATHA YOGA PRADIPIKA, Gomukhasana occupies the third place in the presentation of the most important 11 asana-s.